Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the specific language we have to understand what precisely language means. For a layman I would call language a medium to speak with people. Comprehensively language is not just the change of words fairly it is communication of emotions, expressions, and beliefs. This is perhaps in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes and even imprecise or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the beginning of evolution of mankind. In several times the modes of communication among the mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to precise refers to language. It consists of the words that are unsaid and expressed by actions. Due to this fact history of languages could be studied in detail by the study of countries and tribes. There was a powerful impact of languages on the cultural habits of nations everywhere in the world. Languages have evolved ever for the reason that first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago completely different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

“It is perfectly safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to “natural choice”, so long as we realize that there isn’t any substance to this assertion, that it amounts to nothing more than a belief that there is some naturalistic rationalization for these phenomena.” [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can’t hint back in time that a certain language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages have been formed and adjusted gradually. Languages have rapidly changed as well. The greatest reason of change in language is due to socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show fast changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical space show a sluggish change in language. If there’s a lack of interaction there’s a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from different cultures.

Language and tradition

If man would not have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would haven’t any development of language. Language shouldn’t be the invention of isolation; slightly it is the creation of socialization. For each creating, developed or grown culture there was an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the occasions of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to totally different ethnic backgrounds having completely different dialects. Their languages evolved into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu within the current time. Urdu is a spinoff of a number of languages which had been spoken by the army of the Mughals. These soldiers were:

Turkish

Arabs

Pathans

Balochi

Afghans

Persians

Rajputs

Jats

The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word meaning army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of military or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution within the language Urdu has resulted due to the interplay of different dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was evolved in the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan household language consists of Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was advanced to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary section, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form a picture of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims in the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear distinction in the two languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit didn’t have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims in the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu became the official language of the states ruled by Mughals. This laid a powerful impact on the tradition of India and further revolutionized the language to offer a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.

• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These were Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule in the subcontinent words of English also became a part of it. This change was not that obvious due to the clash with their rule.

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