Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the particular language we have to understand what precisely language means. For a layman I might call language a medium to speak with people. Comprehensively language is not just the exchange of words fairly it is communication of feelings, expressions, and beliefs. This could be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even vague or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the beginning of evolution of mankind. In numerous times the modes of communication among the many mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to specific refers to language. It consists of the words which might be unsaid and expressed by actions. Therefore history of languages may be studied in detail by the study of nations and tribes. There was a powerful impact of languages on the cultural conduct of countries all over the world. Languages have evolved ever for the reason that first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

“It’s perfectly safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to “natural selection”, so long as we realize that there is no such thing as a substance to this assertion, that it amounts to nothing more than a belief that there’s some naturalistic rationalization for these phenomena.” [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can not hint back in time that a certain language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages had been formed and adjusted gradually. Languages have quickly modified as well. The greatest reason of change in language is because of socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show rapid changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical space show a gradual change in language. If there is a lack of interplay there’s a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from other cultures.

Language and culture

If man wouldn’t have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would don’t have any development of language. Language is just not the invention of isolation; somewhat it is the creation of socialization. For each growing, developed or grown culture there has been an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the instances of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to completely different ethnic backgrounds having completely different dialects. Their languages developed right into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu within the present time. Urdu is a derivative of a number of languages which were spoken by the army of the Mughals. These soldiers have been:

Turkish

Arabs

Pathans

Balochi

Afghans

Persians

Rajputs

Jats

The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word that means army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of army or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution within the language Urdu has resulted due to the interplay of different dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was advanced within the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan family language contains Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was advanced to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary section, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form an image of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims in the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear difference within the languages as Urdu had sure words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit did not have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims in the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu became the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a powerful impact on the culture of India and additional revolutionized the language to present a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.

• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These were Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule in the subcontinent words of English also became a part of it. This change was not that obvious because of the clash with their rule.

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